234-2 Hebert Road,St.Albert ,AB780-459-3671office@drhrynkiw.ca

General Dentistry

mouth

Composite Fillings

When rot rots away enamel,the resulting space is known as a cavity. Not treated,the decay will eventually cause in depth damages to the tooth, and potentially cause the root to get infected. However,if the cavity is caught early, your dentist can treat it with an easy filling, sometimes in one appointment.

Your dentist will first apply a local anesthetic, then utilize a drill or laser to remove the rot. Then they’re going to apply filling to stop further rot, and to stop the sensitive inner layers of the tooth from cold,heat or pressure.The filling is applied in layers and toughened with a special light. The last layers are shaped and polished to revive the tooth’s appearance and function.

Composite ( plastic resin ) is the modern filling material of choice mostly. We consider it superior to the silver amalgam fillings frequently utilised in the past. Silver amalgam fillings contain small quantities of mercury, while composite fillings are totally free of mercury. Composite fillings are also less likely to finish up in allergy to heat or cold, since the material doesn’t expand or contract as much as silver amalgam. And since the composite material closely matches the colour of the tooth, fillings are nearly invisible.

Root Canal Therapy
A root canal is one of the most common dental procedures performed, well over 14 million every year. This simple treatment can save your natural teeth and prevent the need of dental implants or bridges.
At the center of your tooth is pulp. Pulp is a collection of blood vessels that helps to build the surrounding tooth. Infection of the pulp can be caused by trauma to the tooth, deep decay, cracks and chips, or repeated dental procedures. Symptoms of the infection can be identified as visible injury or swelling of the tooth, sensitivity to temperature or pain in the tooth and gums.
If you experience any of these symptoms, your dentist will most likely recommend non-surgical treatment to eliminate the diseased pulp. This injured pulp is removed and the root canal system is thoroughly cleaned and sealed. This therapy usually involves local anesthesia and may be completed in one or more visits depending on the treatment required. Success for this type of treatment occurs in about 90% of cases. If your tooth is not amenable to endodontic treatment or the chance of success is unfavorable, you will be informed at the time of consultation or when a complication becomes evident during or after treatment. We use local anesthesia to eliminate discomfort. You will be able to drive home after your treatment, and you probably will be comfortable returning to your normal routine.
Dentures and Partial Dentures
Complete Dentures
Complete dentures can be either “conventional” or “immediate.” Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has started to fix, a typical denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to Twelve weeks after the teeth have been removed.
Unlike typical dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned when the teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer doesn’t need to be without teeth in the healing period. Nonetheless bones and gums shrink over the passage of time particularly in the healing period following tooth removal. Thus a downside of immediate dentures compared with typical dentures is they require more changes to fit properly during the process of healing and sometimes should really only be considered a temporary solution until typical dentures can be made.
Partial Dentures
A removable partial denture or bridge generally is composed of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed ( permanent ) bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on each side of the space and attaching synthesised teeth to them. This “bridge” is then cemented into place. Not only will a partial denture fill in the spaces made by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that stick to the opposite crowns. This is a rather more natural-appearing appliance.
Restorations - Inlay, Onlay, Crowns ( Caps )
Inlays, onlays and crowns are called indirect restorations, because the restoration is fabricated outside the mouth, rather than being built in layers straight into the teeth like a filling. The dentist takes impressions of the teeth, then the restoration is shaped to match the part of the tooth it’ll replace. The restoration is attached with dental cement.

An indirect restoration is an inlay if it covers part of a tooth, without extending to a cusp ( pointed tip of tooth ). It is an onlay if it reaches to replace a tooth’s cusp. And if it complete covers the top surface of the tooth, it is known as a crown or cap.

Inlays, onlays and crowns are more effective than fillings in reinforcing teeth to resist biting forces, and more impervious to further decay. If a tooth’s original structure is too compromised to support a filling, these indirect restorations can provide fantastic, long-lasting, lovely results.

Dentures
Dentures can be removed dental appliances that replace missing teeth and tissue. When a patient loses many or all their teeth, dentures permit the patient to munch properly and talk usually. Dentures also support a natural-looking smile and facial structure, stopping the sunken lower facial features that can result from loss of teeth and gum tissue.
Bite Guards
Bite Guard
A bite guard is also referred to as a stress guard, teeth guard, dental guard or night guard.
It is a dental appliance that’s provided by the dentist to protect your teeth from unjustifiable grinding or clenching.
As the grinding / clenching occurs mostly while sleeping, the bite guard is often worn in the night.
Your dentist takes an impression of your top and bottom teeth and sends it to a dental technician.The bite guard is then made of acrylic that’s shaped to fit your teeth. The dentist then makes sure the bite guard is tight enough on your teeth without being uncomfortable and simple maintenance instructions are given.Wearing the bite guard can feel uncomfortable for the initial few days.
In extreme cases of it is given advice to wear the bite guard even in the daytime when practical.
Benefits of the bite guard :
It protects your teeth from the forces of grinding or clenching
Since acrylic is softer, grinding against it doesn’t harm the teeth.
The forces are distributed more uniformly on the whole bite rather than on an individual tooth.
The new position of the bite changes the muscle signals to the brain and for many patients the grinding / clenching eases or ceases totally.
A dentist may prescribe thinner bite guards made of a rather more rubbery material. These will do if you suffer during stressful events in life such as during exams
Immediate Dentures
An instant denture is a total denture or partial denture inserted on the same day, immediately following the removal of natural teeth.
Benefits of an instant denture
There are several benefits of an immediate denture. The most significant factor is that you will never need to appear in public without teeth. It’s also easier to duplicate the shape, colour and arrangement of your natural teeth while some are still present in your mouth. When an instant denture is inserted at the time of extraction, it’ll act as a Band-Aid to give protection to the tissues and reduce bleeding. An instant denture will enable you to substantiate your speech patterns early. You won’t have to learn how to talk without a denture in place and then later relearn to speak with a new denture. An immediate denture will also permit you to gnaw better than without any teeth and decrease facial distortion that will occur when teeth are removed.
The downsides of an instant denture
The most important downside is the increased cost. Another downside is that you cannot always see the way in which the denture will look before the teeth are removed and the instant denture is inserted. Also, initially, an instant denture doesn’t always fit as correctly as a standard denture, which is formed after the tissues have healed for six to eight weeks following extractions, and without wearing a denture.
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